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Redeploying Envoy

The Envoy process, the data path component of Contour, at times needs to be re-deployed. This could be due to an upgrade, a change in configuration, or a node-failure forcing a redeployment.

When implementing this roll out, the following steps should be taken:

  1. Stop Envoy from accepting new connections
  2. Start draining existing connections in Envoy by sending a POST request to /healthcheck/fail endpoint
  3. Wait for connections to drain before allowing Kubernetes to SIGTERM the pod


Contour implements an envoy sub-command named shutdown-manager whose job is to manage a single Envoy instances lifecycle for Kubernetes. The shutdown-manager runs as a new container alongside the Envoy container in the same pod. It uses a Kubernetes preStop event hook to keep the Envoy container running while waiting for connections to drain. The /shutdown endpoint blocks until the connections are drained.

 - name: shutdown-manager
   - /bin/contour
     - envoy
     - shutdown-manager
   imagePullPolicy: Always
           - /bin/contour
           - envoy
           - shutdown

The Envoy container also has some configuration to implement the shutdown manager. First the preStop hook is configured to use the /shutdown endpoint which blocks the Envoy container from exiting. Finally, the pod’s terminationGracePeriodSeconds is customized to extend the time in which Kubernetes will allow the pod to be in the Terminating state. The termination grace period defines an upper bound for long-lived sessions. If during shutdown, the connections aren’t drained to the configured amount, the terminationGracePeriodSeconds will send a SIGTERM to the pod killing it.

shutdown-manager overview

Shutdown Manager Config Options

The shutdown-manager runs as another container in the Envoy pod. When the pod is requested to terminate, the preStop hook on the shutdown-manager executes the contour envoy shutdown command initiating the shutdown sequence.

The shutdown manager has a single argument that can be passed to change how it behaves:

serve-portinteger8090Port to serve the http server on
ready-filestring/admin/okFile to poll while waiting shutdown to be completed.

Shutdown Config Options

The shutdown command does the work of draining connections from Envoy and polling for open connections.

The shutdown command has a few arguments that can be passed to change how it behaves:

check-intervalduration5sTime interval to poll Envoy for open connections.
check-delayduration0sTime wait before polling Envoy for open connections.
drain-delayduration0sTime wait before draining Envoy connections.
min-open-connectionsinteger0Min number of open connections when polling Envoy.
admin-port (Deprecated)integer9001Deprecated: No longer used, Envoy admin interface runs as a unix socket.
admin-addressstring/admin/admin.sockPath to Envoy admin unix domain socket.
ready-filestring/admin/okFile to write when shutdown is completed.

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